The influence of perceived environmental friendly-office program regulation and public service motivation on pro-environmental behavior of civil servants with OCBE as intervening variable

Bayu Nugroho, Widhy Setyowati, Taufiq Andre Setiyono


Environmental problems such as air pollution, global warming and water scarcity pose a threat to environmental sustainability. One of the causes is the administration of public services. To reduce environmental damage, public organizations must support the implementation of activities that are more environmentally friendly and their employees must display pro-environmental behavior. The research was expected to contribute practical ideas in the form of optimal implementation of environmentally friendly office programs, and theoretical contributions because there were still few researches on pro-environmental behavior of public employees. The study examined the influence of Perceptions of Regulations on the Implementation of Environmentally Friendly Office Programs and Public Service Motivation on the Pro-Environmental Behavior of Civil Servants through Organization Citizenship Behavior Toward Environment (OCBE) as Intervening Variables. The research sample was West Semarang KPP Pratama employees who had implemented an environmentally friendly program. The theoretical basis was TPB (Theory of Planned Behavior) which had been widely used to test pro-environmental behavior. The results showed that the perception of regulation had no significant effect on pro-environmental behavior. Meanwhile, Public Service Motivation and OCBE had a significant influence. Then OCBE mediated the perception of regulation with pro-environmental behavior  fully, and public service motivation partially mediated pro-environmental behavior partially.


Pro environmental behavior, OCBE, Environmental friendly.

Full Text:



Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behaviour and Human Decision Processes, vol. 50 (2), pp. 179-211

Blankenberg, Ann-Kathrin; Alhusen, Harm (2019) : On the determinants’ of pro-environmental behavior: A literature review & guide for the empirical economist, cege Discussion Papers, No. 350, University of Göttingen, Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research (cege), Göttingen

Boiral, O. (2015). Greening the Corporation through Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, Journal Business Ethics, 87, 221–236

Chin.2003. “Partial Least Squeres for Reseaers: an Overview and Presentation of Recent Advances Using the PLS Approach”.

Daily, Bonnie & Bishop, James & Govindarajulu, Nalini. (2009). A Conceptual Model for Organizational Citizenship Behavior Directed Toward the Environment. Business & Society - BUS SOC. 48. 243-256. 10.1177/0007650308315439.

Fatima M & Azhar A (2020), Examining the Pro-Environmental Behavior of Employees in Private Organizations of Pakistan. Governance and Management Review (GMR) Pakistan

Febriyanti, Citra, (2016) Pengembangan Skala Pengukuran Perilaku Pro Lingkungan : General Ecological Behavior (GEB) Scale, JP3I Vol. V

Ferdinand, Augusty. 2014. Metode Penelitian Manajemen. BP Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang

Ghozali, I., & Latan, H. (2015). Partial least squares: Konsep, teknik, dan aplikasi menggunakan program smart PLS 3.0 (2nd ed.). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro Semarang

Hartono. 2004. Statistik untuk Penelitian. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Ivone Rizky Amelia, Sarwono, Ainul Hayat. 2013. “Konsep Eco-Office dalam rangka MewujudkanPerkantoran Ramah Lingkungan”. Jurnal Administrasi Publik

Johan Graafland & Lans Bovenberg (2020) Government regulation, business leaders’ motivations and environmental performance of SMEs, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63:8, 1335-1355, DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2019.1663159

Kollmuss, A. and Agyeman, J. (2002) Mind the Gap: Why Do People Act Environmentally and What Are the Barriers to Pro-Environmental Behavior? Environmental EducationResearch,8,239-260. http://dx. 13504620220145401

Lamm, E., Tosti-Kharas, J., Williams, E. (2013). Read this article but don’t print it: Organizational Citizenship Behavior toward the Environment. Group & Organization Management, 38, 163-197.

McGregor, D. (1960). The human side of enterprise. McGraw-Hill.

Ong J.O., Riyanto S/ (2020) berjudul Green Human Resource Management in Manufacturing Company

Orbach, Barak (2012) "Invisible Lawmaking," University of Chicago Law Review Online: Vol. 79 : Iss. 1 , Article 1

Paillé, Pascal. (2012). Boiral O. & Paillé P. (2012). Organizational Citizenship Behaviour for the Environment: Measurement and Validation. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 109, N° 4, pp. 431-445.

Pasharibu, Y., Sugiarto, A., Ariarsanti, T., & Wijayanto, P. (2019). Dimensions of Green Office, evidence from regency or city government offices in Central Java, Indonesia. Business: Theory and Practice, 20, 391-402. btp.2019.37

Perdana Miraj, Mohammed Ali Berawi & Siti Rahma Utami (2021) Economic feasibility of green office building: combining life cycle cost analysis and cost–benefit evaluation, Building Research & Information, DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2021.1896354

Perry, J. L. (1996). Measuring public service motivation: An assessment of construct reliability and validity. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 6(1), 5-22.

Perry, J.L. and Wise, L.R. (1990) The Motivational Bases of Public Service. Public Administration Review, 50, 367-373

Preacher, K.J., & Hayes, A.F. (2008).Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models.Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879–891

Ramadani,Esi & Cheisviyanny, Charoline(2019).Analisis Persepsi Wajib Pajak UMKM terhadap Peraturan Pemerintah No. 23 Tahun 2018(Studi Kasus pada Wajib Pajak UMKM di Kota Padang) .Jurnal Eksplorasi Akuntansi, 1(4), Seri A, 1687-1704

Republik Indonesia. 2014. Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 2014 tentang Aparatur Sipil Negara. Jakarta: Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia.

Republik Indonesia. 2009. Undang-Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta: Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia.

Republik Indonesia. 2011. Undang-undang Nomor 12 Tahun 2011 tentang Pembentukan Peraturan Perundang undangan. Jakarta: Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia.

Republik Indonesia. 2019. Surat Edaran Nomor 06/MK.1/2019 tentang Penerapan Kantor Ramah Lingkungan (eco office) di Lingkungan Kementerian Keuangan. Jakarta: Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Republik Indonesia. 1945. Undang-Undang Dasar Tahun 1945. Jakarta: Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia

Ringle, Christian M., Wende, Sven, & Becker, Jan-Michael. (2015). SmartPLS 3. Bönningstedt: SmartPLS. Retrieved from

Sarstedt, Marko & Ringle, Christian & Hair, Joe. (2017). Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling. 10.1007/978-3-319-05542-8_15-1.

Stern, P.C. (2000) New Environmental Theories Towards a Coherent Theory of Environmentally Significant Behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 56, 407-424

Stritch, Justin M. & Robert K. Christensen. (2014). Looking at a job’s social impact through PSM tinted lenses: Probing the motivation – perception relationship. Public Administration, 92(4), 826-842

Suharmen (2020), Buku Statistik Pegawai Negeri Sipil Desember 2020, Badan Kepegawaian Negara

Wang, T. M., van Witteloostuijn, A., & Heine, F. (2020). A Moral Theory of Public Service Motivation. Frontiers in psychology, 11, 517763.

Widisatria, D. & Nawangsari, L.C. (2021) The Influence of Green Transformational Leadership and Motivation to Sustainable Corporate Performance with Organizational Citizenship Behavior for the Environment as a Mediating: Case Study at PT Karya Mandiri Sukses Sentosa

Wendling, Z. A., Emerson, J. W., de Sherbinin, A.,Esty, D. C., et al. (2020). 2020 Environmental Performance Index. New Haven, CT: Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Abstracting & Indexing



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.