Entrepreneurial Mindset, Orientation, and Performance of University Students in Indonesia

Eddy Madiono Sutanto, Evan Lau, Andreas Ezra


Entrepreneurship plays an important role in determining the level of economic growth of a country. This study aims are to explore
the impact of entrepreneurial mindset on innovativeness, risk-taking, competitive aggressiveness, autonomy, and proactiveness on
entrepreneurial performance. This research uses Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) to analyze the
data.. It gathered data of 364 respondents, which were the bachelor students of management program of public universities in
Surabaya, Indonesia. The results show that entrepreneurial mindset has a significant impact to innovativeness, risk-taking,
competitive aggressiveness, autonomy, and proactiveness. It also enhances positive and significant impact to entrepreneurial
performance of the students. It implies that the entrepreneurship education of public universities in Surabaya, Indonesia succeeds
to change the students’ mindset and orientation. The government needs to increase entrepreneurship education centers and
business incubator centers at various universities.


Autonomy, competitive aggressiveness, innovativeness, proactiveness, risk-taking

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