University Students’ Entrepreneurial Performance

Eddy Madiono Sutanto, Peter J. Sigiols, Ivando Putih


Low interest of student to entrepreneurship is a pity as the global university entre­preneurial spirit students survey. To improve the students entrepreneurial perform­ance, such factors take part influencing entrepreneurial performance, such as inno­va­tiveness, risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggresiveness, autonomy, and of course entrepreneurial mindset. This research aims to determine the effect of those variables on entrepreneurial performance of college students of management which are A accredited in Malang City, Indonesia. The samples are 374 students from five universities. The analysis technique used is the test of Goodness Fit Model and Path Coefficients test with the help of the program SmartPLS 2.0 and SPSS. The results indicate that the entrepre­neurial mindset has significant effect on innovativeness, risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggresiveness, and autonomy. Moreover, the characteristics of innovativeness, risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggre­sive­ness, and autonomy have significant effect on the entrepreneurial performance of college students.


Entrepreneurial Mindset, Innovativeness, Risk Taking, Proactiveness, Competitive Aggresiveness, Autonomy


Ackerman, D. S., Gross, B. L., & Perner, L. (2003). Instructor, student, and employer perceptions on preparing marketing students for the changing business environment. Journal of Marketing Education, 25(1), 46–56.

Callaghan, R. & Venter, R. (2011). An investigation of the entrepreneurial orientation, context and entrepreneurial performance of inner-city Johannesburg street traders. Southern African Bu¬siness Review, 15(1), 28–48.

Campos, H. M., Acuna, L. A., Parra, J. P. N., & Valenzuela, F. A. A. (2012). Entrepreneurial orientation in Mexican enterprises. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innova¬tion, 9(3), 5–20.

Coulthard, M. (2007). The role of entrepreneurial orientation on firm performance and the potential influence of relational dynamism. Retrieved March 31, 2014, from Monash Business and Economics University Web site:

Davis, J. L., Bell, R. G., Payne, G. T., & Kreiser, P. M. (2010). Entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: The moderating role of managerial power. American Journal of Business, 25(2), 41–54.

De Jorge-Moreno, J., Castillo, L. L., & Triguero, S. S. (2012). The effect of business and economics education programs on students' entrepreneurial intention. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(4), 409–425.

Dhliwayo, S. & Van Vuuren, J. J. (2007). The strategic entrepreneurial thinking imperative. Acta Commercii 2007, 123–134.

Dollinger, M. J. (2008). Entrepreneurship: Strategies and resources. Lombard, Illinois: Marsh Publication.

Elenurm, T. (2012). Entrepreneurial orientation of business student and entrepreneurs. Baltic Journal of Management, 7(2), 217–233.

Ferreira, M. P. & Ribeiro Serra, F. A. (2008). Open and closed industry cluster: The social structure of innovation. Working Papers 24, globADVANTAGE Center of Research in International Business & Strategy.

Ferrier, W. J., Fhionnlaoich, C. M., Smith, K. G., & Grimm, C. M. (2002). The impact of perfor¬mance distress on aggressive competitive behavior: A reconciliation of conflicting views. Ma¬nagerial and Decision Economics, 23, 301–316.

Freiling, J., & Schelhowe, C. L. (2014). The impact of entrepreneurial orientation on the per¬formance of internationalization. Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Innovation, 10(4), 169–198.

Gelderen, M. V. (2011). Individualizing entrepreneurship education: Putting each student into context. Entrepreneurship in Context. New York: Routledge.

Gelderen, M. V., & Jansen, P. (2006). Autonomy as start-up motive. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 13(1), 23–32.

Gorgievski, M. J., Moriano, J. A., & Bakker, A. B. (2014). Relating work engagement and workaholism to entrepreneurial performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 29(2), 106–121.

Hadiati, S. (2008). Perilaku wirausaha industri keramik berskala kecil untuk meningkatkan daya saing produk di Malang. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, 10(2), 115–123.

Ireland, R. D., Hitt, M. A., & Sirmon, D.G. (2003). A model of strategic entrepreneurship: The construct and its dimensions. Journal of Management, 29(6), 963–989.

Kanten, P. & Ulker, F. E. (2012). A relational approach among perceived organizational support, proactive personality and voice behavior. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 62, 1016–1022.

Landzani, W. M. & Van Vuuren, J. J. (2002). Entrepreneurship training for emerging SMEs in South Africa. Journal of Small Business Management, 40(2), 154–161.

Mathisen, J. E. & Arnulf, J. K. (2014). Entrepreneurial mindsets: Theoretical foundations and empirical properties of a mindset scale. The International Journal of Management and Business, 5(1), 81–97.

McGrath, R. & MacMillan, I. (2000). The entrepreneurial mindset. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Molaei, R., Zali, M. R., Mobaraki, M. H., & Farsi, J. Y. (2014). The impact of entrepreneurial ideas and cognitive style on students entrepreneurial intention, Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 6(2), 140–162.

Oosterbek, H., Praag, M., & Ijsseltein, A. (2007). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurship competencies and intentions: An evaluation of the junior achievement student mini-company program. JENA Economic Research Paper, 27, 2–28.

Piperopoulos, P. (2012). Could higher education programs, culture and structure stifle the en¬trepreneurial intentions of students? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19(3), 461–483.

Rohrmann, B. (2005). Risk attitude scale: Concepts, questionnaires, utilization. University of Melbourne Australia Project Report.

Stambaugh, J. E., Yu, A., & Dubinsky, A.J. (2011). Before the Attack: A Typology of Strategies for Competitive Aggressiveness. Journal of Management Policy and Practice, 12(1) 49–63.

Turker, D. & Selcuk, S. S. (2009). Which factors affect entrepreneurial intention of university students? Journal of European Industrial Training, 33(2), 142–159.

Van Vuuren, J. J., & Botha, M. (2010). The practical application of an entrepreneurial perform¬ance-training model in South Africa. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 17(4), 607–625.

Wenhong, Z. & Liuying, F. (2010). The impact of entrepreneurial thinking system on risk-taking propensity and entrepreneurial behavior. Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2(2), 165–174.

Yurtkoru, E. S., Acar, P., & Teraman, B. S. (2014). Willingness to take risk and entrepreneurial intention of university students: An empirical study comparing private and state universities. Procedia – Social Behavioral Sciences, 15, 834–840.

DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v21i2.1197


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Economics, Business & Accountancy Ventura