An Empirical Study on the Theory of Planned Behavior: the Effect of Gender on Entrepreneurship Intention

Dian Palupi, Bambang Hadi Santoso

Abstract


This study aimed to examine the effect of gender on entrepreneurship intention through attitude as a mediating variable of entrepreneurship, subjective norms, and perceived behavior controls, and their implications. The sample of this research consisted of 429 students from four state and private universities in East Java. The sample was taken by non-random sampling that is through accidental sampling. In addition, the sample was taken from the students who were still taking the lecture. This was done to facilitate the distribution of questionnaires and the return and accuracy of answers given by students. The analysis technique used in this research is quantitative data analysis technique using Path Analysis modeling. The results shows that, gender directly affects the intention of entrepreneurship. The effect of gender on entrepreneurial intention is mediated by attitude toward entrepreneurship, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control.


Keywords


gender, attitude toward entrepreneurship, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, entrepreneurship intention

References


Ajzen, I. 1991. Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, pp. 179-211.

Anshori, Muslich dan Sri Iswati. 2006. Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif. Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Airlangga.

Amos, Ayuo & Kubasu Alex. 2014. Theory of Planned Behavior, Contextual Elements, Demographic Factors and Entrepreneurial Intentions of Students in Kenya, European Journal of Business and Management.

Azhar, et,al., 2010, Entrepreneurial Intentions Among Business Student in Pakistan, Journal of Business system, Governance, and Ethics, Vol 5, No 2, pp. 13-21.

Duijn, W. 2003. Entrepreneurial Intentions among FDEWB Students, www.studiosus.nl/scripties/55_entrepreneuralintentions.doc.

Ferdinand, A. 2000. Structural Equation

Modelling dalam Penelitian Manajemen, Semarang: Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro

Gurel, E., Altinay, L. & Roberto Daniele. 2010, Tourism students Entrepreneurial Intention, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 646–669, www.elsevier.com

Hidayat, Widi dan Nugroho, Argo Ardhi, 2010, Studi Empiris Theory of Planned Behavior dan Pengaruh Kewajiban Moral pada Perilaku Ketidakpatuhan Pajak Wajib Pajak Orang Pribadi Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan, Vol. 12 No. 2, Surabaya, Universitas Airlangga,

Indarti dan Rostiana, 2008, Intensi Kewirausahaan Mahasiswa: Studi Perbandingan Antara Indonesia, Jepang dan Norwegia, 2008, Jurnal Ekonomika dan Bisnis Indonesia, Vol. 23, No. 4, Yogyakarta. Universitas Gajah Mada.

Istijanto. 2008. Riset Sumber Daya Manusia, Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mirawati, Ni Made, Wardana, I.M, I.P.G Sukaatmadja, 2016, Pengaruh Sikap, Norma Subjektif dan Persepsi Kontrol Keperilakuan terhadap Niat Siswa SMK di Kota Denpasar Untuk Menjadi Wirausaha, E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana.

Leroy, et.al. 2009. Gender effects on entrepreneurial intentions: A TPB multigroup analysis at factor and indicator level, Working paper Steunpunt STIOI

Lestari, Retno Budi dan Trisnadi Wijaya, 2012. Pengaruh Pendidikan Kewirausahaan Terhadap Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa di STIE MDP, STMIK MDP, dan STIE MUSI. Forum Bisnis Dan Kewirausahaan. Jurnal Ilmiah STIE MDP, Vol. 1 No. 2.

Putra, Reno Aditia. 2012. Faktor-faktor Penentu Minat Mahasiswa untuk Berwirausaha (Studi Mahasiswa Manajemen, F.E Universitas Negeri Padang), Jurnal Manajemen, Volume 01, Nomor 01.

Tung, Lo Choi. 2011. The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention of engineering students, Disertation,

Setyawan, Andhy. 2016, Apakah Gender Bermakna Pada Model Pembentukan Minat Berwirausaha? , Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan, Tahun 9, No. 2.

Sumarsono, H.M. Sonny. 2004. Metode Riset Sumber Daya Manusia. Edisi Pertama. Jogjakarta: Graha Ilmu

Sumantri, Fariyanti dan Winandi, 2013, Faktor – Faktor yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kinerja Usaha Wirausaha Wanita : Suatu Studi pada Industri Pangan Rumahan di Bogor. Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi, Vol. 12, No. 3.

Wahyono, Budi, 2013, Pengaruh Pendidikan Kewirausahaan Terhadap Niat Berwirausaha Siswa SMK Negeri 1 Pedan Tahun 2013, Tesis. PPs UNS.

Wulandari, S.Z, Pudyantini, Asteria dan Yayat Giyatno, 2012, Analysing the influence of adversity quotient networking and capital through the entrepreneurial intentions of unsoed’s student, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Unsoed, Vol 2, No. 1. Purwokerto: Universitas Jenderal Soedirman.

Yuhendri, LV. 2015, Perbedaan Minat Berwirausaha Mahasiswa Ditinjau Dari Jenis Kelamin dan Pekerjaan Orang Tua, 2015, Seminar Nasional Ekonomi Manajemen dan Akuntansi (SNEMA) Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Padang.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v20i1.626

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Economics, Business and Accountancy Ventura